The International Day of Action (DoA) against Contract Cheating celebrates its fifth anniversary on October 21, 2020. Please join us to make the day the biggest and most successful ever. 

2020 has been a difficult year for students and education. In light of Covid-19, we’re seeing essay mills and contract cheating services ramping up their advertising to take advantage of vulnerable students. In light of the move to online teaching, we’ll be running a range of virtual activities to support the DoA as a whole – and providing you with a variety of ideas to run at your own institution.

Take part by registering your institution below

Meet the IDoA Planning ICAI Subcommittee Members

Meet the IDoA Student Steering Committee

Click here to view Dr. Thomas Lancaster’s September 21st Webinar titled

Taking Action Against Contract Cheating 




Register to join us on the 5th International Day of Action Against Contract Cheating on October 21, 2020!

5th Annual International Day of Action Against Contract Cheating Registration

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Aims and Objectives for International Day of Action (IDoA) against Contract Cheating


1. To increase awareness in students, teachers at all levels of education, managers, and
administrators in universities, colleges, and schools about the threat that contract
cheating poses to educational standards globally
2. To increase student engagement in helping to plan the IDoA, participate in social
media outreach (social media campaign), and suggest/ coordinate student activities
for the IDoA
3. To increase interaction and activity around the world through interactive virtual
presentations and activities throughout the IDoA
4. To increase the number and participation of international educational organizations to
the IDoA from 2019
5. To create/ revise a media kit can be tailored by leaders (public relations/media staff)
in educational organizations that will promote awareness of IDoA and contract
cheating to the general public
6. To encourage and promote faculty, staff, leaders, and students in educational
organizations to decrease the risk of contract cheating in their organizations


Contract cheating


Contract cheating has been defined in a number of different ways. Essentially contract cheating is best described as the “outsourcing of student work to third parties” (Lancaster & Clarke, 2016, p. 639).


Contract cheating can happen through “family and friends; academic custom writing sites; legitimate learning sites (eg. file sharing, discussion and micro-tutoring sites); legitimate non-learning sites (eg. freelancing sites and online auction sites); paid exam takers; and pre-written essay banks” (Ellis, Zucker, & Randall, 2018, p. 2)


The act of contract cheating, and its associated behaviours, undermines learning, erodes learning environments, damages learning relationships, places the student, the faculty/teacher, the educational organization, and society at risk with students who will graduate with knowledge gaps, undeserved academic awards, and a propensity to engage in dishonest behaviours in their professional careers (Guerroro-Dib, Portales, & Heredia-Escorza, 2020; Harding, Carpenter, Finelli, & Passow, 2004; Lancaster, 2020).


For current information on contract cheating, and strategies to prevent contract cheating and promote academic integrity in learning environments,  check the Quality Assurance Agency UK’s online report titled Contracting to Cheat in Higher Education at the following link QAA Document 2020 and the Tertiary Education Quality Education Standards (Australia) web page at the following link TEQSA Website Contract Cheating




Ellis, C., Zucker, I.M., & Randall, D. (2018). The infernal business of   contract cheating: Understanding the business processes and models of academic custom writing sites. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 14(1), 1-21. DOI 10.1007/s40979-017-0024-3


Guerrero-Dib, J., Portales, L., & Heredia-Escorza, Y. (2020). Impact of academic integrity on workplace ethical behaviour. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 16(2), 1-18.


Harding, T., Carpenter, D., Finelli, C. & Passow, H. (2004). Does academic dishonesty relate to unethical behavior in professional practice? An exploratory study. Science and Engineering Ethics, 10(2), 311-324.


Lancaster, T. (2020). Academic discipline integration by contract cheating services and essay mills. Journal of Academic Ethics, 18(2), 115-127. DOI:10.1007/s1805-019-09357

Lancaster, T., & Clarke, R. (2016). Contract cheating: The outsourcing of assessed student work. In T. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of academic integrity (pp. 639-654). Springer-Nature. DOI 10.1007/978-981-287-098-8

Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) UK. (2020). Contracting to cheat in higher education. How to address essay mills and contract cheating (2nd ed). Retrieved from

Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA). (nd). Contract cheating is a symptom, not the problem. Retrieved from

2016 Participating Institutions

American University of Nigeria
Yola Town, Adamawa State, Nigeria, Africa

Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University
Canakkale, Turkey

Colorado Community Colleges Online
Denver, Colorado, USA

Concordia University Chicago
Denver, Colorado, USA

Coventry University
Coventry, UK

Curtin University
Perth, Western Australia, Australia

Deree, The American College of Greece
Athens, Greece

​Florida International University
Miami, Florida, USA

Golden Key International Honor Society – University of Tasmania Chapter
Sandy Bay,

Humber College – School of Health Sciences
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Humber Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Idaho State University – ITRC
Pocatello, Idaho, USA

​Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas, USA

​Majan University College
Muscat, Oman

Molloy College
Rockville Center, New York, USA

Mykolas Romeris University
Vilnius, Lithuania

New College Durham
Durham, UK

Stevenson University
Stevenson, Maryland, USA

Thomas Edison State University
Trenton, New Jersey, USA

University of Arkansas
Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA

University of California, Irvine
Irvine, California, USA

​University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, USA

​University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California, USA
@ucsdintgrity (Twitter & Instagram)

University of Colorado System
Denver, Colorado, USA

University of Oklahoma
Norman, Oklahoma, USA

University of Rochester
Rochester, NY, USA

​University of South Australia
Adelaide, Australia

University of Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

​University of Wisconsin – Stout
Menomonie, Wisconsin, USA

University of Wollongong in Dubai
Dubai, UAE

Utah State University
Logan, UT, USA

Waynesboro High School
Waynesboro, West Virginia, USA

West Virginia University
Morgantown, West Virginia, USA

Western International University
Tempe, AZ, USA

2017 Participating Institutions

Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University
Canakkale, Turkey

Coventry University
Priory Street, Coventry, UK
Coventry University London Campus, East India House, London, UK

Humber College – School of Health Sciences
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Humber Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas, USA 
@kstatehonorcode (Twitter)

​​NUI Galway
Galway, Ireland

Sheffield Hallam University
Sheffield, UK

Conestoga College
Kitchener, Ontario, Canada

Seneca College
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

University of Caglary
Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Ryerson University
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RUacademicintegrity @RU_AIO

Rio Salado College
Tempe, AZ, USA

West Coast University
Anaheim, CA, USA

International Collège of Hotel Management
137 Days Road Regency Park South Australia

Kaplan Business School
Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide

Torrens University Australia
680 George St, Sydney.
Campuses in Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney, Brisbane

Centennial College
941 Progress Ave., Toronto, ON, M1G 3T8, Canada

Mount Royal University
4825 Mount Royal Gate SW Calgary Alberta T3E 56K6, Canada

University of Insubria
Varese and Como, Italy

Mykolas Romeris University
Ateities g. 20, Vilnius, Lithuania

Florida Gulf Coast University 
10501 FGCU Boulevard South, Fort Myers, Florida 33965, USA @FGCUConduct
#AIMHigh Academic Integrity Matters

Deree, The American College of Greece
6 Gravias Street, Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece 15342

European Network for Academic Integrity
Zemedelska 1, Brno, Czech Republic

Majan University College
Muscat, Sultanate of Oman

Rochester Institute of Technology 
Rochester, NY, USA

University of Dubuque 
2000 University Avenue Dubuque, Iowa, USA

DRS International School
Campus, Survey No. 523 Opp.Apparel Park, Gundla Pochampally, Medchal Mandal, R.R. District : 500100, Telangana, India.

University of Denver 
Driscoll Student Center North 2055 E. Evans Ave. Denver, CO 80208, USA

Molloy College 
Rockville Centre, New York, USA

London, UK

Waynesboro High School 
1200 W. Main St, Waynesboro VA, USA

University of Maryland University College
3501 University Boulevard East, Adelphi, MD 20783, USA

Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education
Southgate House, Southgate Street, Gloucester, GL1 1UB, UK

University of Wollongong
Northfields Avenue; Wollongong NSW 2522, Australia

Nottingham Trent University
Clifton Lane, Nottingham NG11 8NS, UK

International College of Advanced Education 
17 Chapman Road Rapid Creek NT, Australia

Centro de Lenguas Ibero 
Torreón Torreón, Coahuila, México
CLC Ibero Torreón

Universidad Norbert Wiener 
Lima, Peru

Universidad del Magdalena 

Carrera 32 No 22 – 08, Santa Marta, ColombiaÉtico

Sheridan College
HMC Campus, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
Davis Campus, Brampton, Ontario, Canada
​Trafalgar Campus, Oakville, Ontario, Canada

Université du Québec en Outaouais
Gatineau, Québec, Canada

University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California, USA

University of Oklahoma
Norman, Oklahoma, USA

​University of South Australia
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

University of Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

University of Windsor
Windsor, Ontario, Canada

University of Arkansas
Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA

The University of Alabama
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA

Higher Colleges of Technology – AL AIN MEN’S CAMPUS
AL AIN, United Arab Emirates

Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada

Brock University
St Catharines, Ontario, Canada

University of Wollongong in Dubai
Knowledge Park, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Florida International University
Miami, Florida, USA

College of DuPage
425 Fawell Blvd, Glen Ellyn, IL 60137, USA

American University of Nigeria
98 Lamido Zubairu Way Yola Township bypass PMB 2250, Yola Adamawa State, Nigeria

University of Maribor
Slomškov trg 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia

2101 Webster St, Suite 1800 Oakland, California 94612 United States; Also offices in UK, The Netherlands, Mexico, South Korea, Australia, India


University of York 
Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK

The University of Northampton
Boughton Green Road, Northampton NN2 7AL, United Kingdom
@uninorthants , @northamptonSU

Centrum vedecko-technických informácií (Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information) 
Lamacska cesta 8/A, Bratislava, Slovakia

Cambridge International College 
108 Lonsdale Street Melbourne Victoria 3000, Australia

Christ’s Church Academy, National Honor Society
10850 Old St. Augustine Re, Jacksonville, Florida, USA

Premier Institute of Education
143 Durham Street, Tauranga, New Zealand

Universidad de Monterrey 
Av. Ignacio Morones Prieto 4500, Col. Jesus M. Garza, San Pedro Garza Garcia, Nuevo Leon, Mexico @embajadoresintegridadudem

Majan University College 
Muscat, Oman
majan_college (Twitter) majancollege (instagram)

Fiji National University 
Lot 1 Kings Road, Nasinu. (P.O.Box 7222 Nasinu), Fiji Islands

The American University of Afghanistan 
Kabul, Afghanistan
American University of Afghanistan (AUAF)

Staffordshire University Students Union 
Stoke-On-Trent, ST4 2DE, UK

Utah State University 
Logan, UT 84322, USA

Agency “Zitier-Weise” – Science Counselling, Plagiarism Prevention & Detection
Vienna, Austria

University of California Irvine
193 Ayala Science Library, Irvine, CA 92697

Universidad La Salle Victoria 
Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, México

Escuela de Enfermería-RCM-UPR 
Centro Mèdico, San Juan Puerto Rico

Fiji National University Derrick Library 

2018 Participating Institutions

Africa & the Middle East


UK & Europe

United Kingdom


North America



United States

Central & South America

       2019 Participating Institutions

North America



Centennial College 

Conestoga College 

Gonzaga University 

Humber College 

International College of Manitoba 

Lethbridge College 

McMaster University 

Mohawk College of Applied Arts and Technology

Mount Royal University 

Ryerson University 

St. Edward’s University 

Seneca College 

Sheridan College 

Simon Fraser University

Thompson Rivers University 

University of Calgary 

University of the Fraser Valley

University of Manitoba 

University of Waterloo


Tecnologico de Monterrey

Universidad Panamericana

Universidad Tecmilenio

United States 


Adelphi University

Ashford University 

Aspen University 

Barton Community College 

Boise State University 

California State University, San Marcos 

Case Western Reserve University 

Colegio San Ignacio de Loyola (Puerto Rico)

College of DuPage

Colorado State University 

Emory University 

Excelsior College 

Florida International University 

Lewis-Clark State College 

Montana Technological University 

Rio Salado College 

Rutgers University – Newark 

Southern New Hampshire University 

Southwest Virginia Community College

Stevenson University 

UC San Diego 

UCSD Rady School of Management

University of Arkansas 

University at Buffalo, SUNY 

University of California, Irvine 

University of California, Merced

University of Georgia

University of Michigan 

University of the Sciences 

University of Windsor 

Walsh College 

West Coast University 

Western Governors University 

West Virginia University